Shaanxi is rich in historical and cultural resources
Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang Dynasties left countless treasures here
Such as the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Bell and Drum Tower, Ming City Wall, etc.
But when it comes to the most shocking artifacts
That must be known as the "eighth wonder of the world"
Terracotta Army of the First Emperor Qin Shihuang
People visit the Terracotta Army. Photo by Zhang Yuan
People who visited the Terracotta Army
Be impressed by its size and delicateness
But did you notice
These guardians of the millennium of silence
But all of them are single eyelids?
Terracotta warriors are almost single eyelids. Data map
This makes many eyelid friends very confused
What exactly is going on?
In fact, the phenomenon of single eyelids of terracotta warriors
Archeology is also a lot of controversy
After repeated demonstrations
We have summarized the following reasons
NO.1 The pigment has faded?
This exhibit is a pottery of the Qin Dynasty, unearthed in the pit of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Dynasty. The modeling of the figurines is more elaborate than that of ordinary pottery figurines. It vividly conveys the expressions of expressions, hair buns, armor pieces, soles, etc., and the original painting preservation status of the cultural relics is very good, which truly shows the scene of the Qin army fighting. Data map
This kind of statement thinks that terracotta warriors are made by artificial people, so the terracotta warriors look vivid, there are double eyelids and single eyelids, but because the double eyelids are painted with paint, after the terracotta warriors were dug out, the air oxidized, and the colors faded. Eyed.
Unearthed Qin stone armor, still a little bit of color. Data map
There is also a certain basis for such claims. Some scholars have confirmed that terracotta warriors are indeed painted, but only because of time and oxidation.
NO.2 Craftsmen cut corners?
Terracotta warriors and horses in a certain scenic spot in Shaanxi, each with big eyes and big eyes, looks like makeup. Data map
According to this kind of argument, pottery figurines do not have double eyelids because artisans cut corners and cut their eyes. In order to be lazy, it is probably not painted.
However, this statement seems very unreliable. Life-size pottery figurines have been made. Why can't you draw less eyelids because of laziness? Coupled with Qin Shihuang's legendary "hand-made master", he should not allow anyone to fool him like this.
The local authorities in Shaanxi cleared the cottage terracotta warriors. Data map
NO.3 Is the single eyelid a symbol of purebred Han Chinese?
Unearthed figurines of lower Qin military officials. Data map
Some experts believe that terracotta warriors are both works of art and realistic. The reason why they are all single eyelids indicates that the character prototype or model at that time was a single eyelid, which involved the problem of human physiological structure.
The mid-level soldier figure unearthed from the pit of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses wears a double version of a crown and holds a sword in his hand. Some stand next to the senior soldier figures as deputies, and some stand as soldiers in the queue. Data map
More than 2,200 years ago, the race of the northwestern region ruled by the Qin people of the Qin Dynasty was the East Asian Mongolian race, which was relatively simple. The physiological structure of this race is a single eyelid, which has a "Mongolian fold."
"Mongolian fold" is medically called "inner fold", that is, the upper eyelid of the inner corner of the eye covers the lower eyelid, which is common in East and Southeast Asian nations.
Terracotta Warriors. Data map
It is argued that the genetic structure of the Han nationality after the Jindu Dongdu transition is not as singular as the Qin and Han dynasties. Especially during the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, nomadic peoples in the north invaded the south and were assimilated by the Han people. The Han people who sought refuge in the south also assimilated the indigenous peoples in the south. Therefore, we can see a lot of Hu people with high nose and large eyes appearing in Tang frescoes and statues.
However, the single eyelid and Danfeng eye are still the mainstream aesthetics of the Han people. For example, the beautiful woman in the Tang Dynasty ladies portrait has a pair of slender eyelids and a single eyelid.
(The makers of the Qin figurines have created a variety of typical characters, thousands of figurines and thousands of faces. The facial features of the Qin figurines can be summarized into eight basic face shapes such as eyes, kingdoms, uses, armor, fields, you, and Shen Feng. It shows the common features of Chinese facial features (data map)
The silent Qin figurines have long forgotten the rise and fall of the Empire
I no longer care about the purity of bloodlines
But as future generations, we
But through their form and expression
Learn more about the humanities and social features of the time
To this day
Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang
There are countless mysteries and wealth
Waiting for us to discover and inherit
Reporter: Zhang Yuan