▲ The Jinlie Bridge connecting the Golden Gates is already under construction and can be viewed from Xiamen (Taiwan Media / Photo)
）长久以来，在金门人的心中一直“住”着大小二桥。 Taiwan Straits Network August 13 (Straits Herald reporter Lin Lianjin / Wen Ye Yunping / Drafting ) For a long time, the two bridges have "lived" in the hearts of Kinmen people. The small bridge is the Jinlie Bridge that is already under construction to connect Jinmen, the big and small bridges; the bridge is the Xiajin Bridge that connects Jinmen and Xiamen in the concept.
A few days ago, Fujian officially supplied water to Kinmen, and the two sides of the strait realized water flow. After waiting for 23 years, the dream came into reality, and the Jinmen people rejoiced and shouted the "new three links", namely water, electricity and bridge. Water is flowing, can the electricity and bridge be far away? "Comparatively, the pressure of Tongqiao will be greater than that of water and electricity, but in fact, with the close relationship between Jinmen and the mainland, Tongqiao is more important to us!" Authentic Kinmen people, senior media people on the island Dong Zhisen told the reporter this way.
From the perspective of the Kinmen people, due to the special geographical relationship between Jinmen and Xiamen and the increasingly close symbiotic integration, a smooth land transportation is even more important; and the future Xiamen-Golden Bridge will also become a bridge of hope and peace connecting the two sides of the strait. bridge.
Four solutions connect two doors
Regarding the connection between the two sides of the strait, experts from both sides of the strait conceived the "North Tunnel South Bridge" plan in the early years, that is, to build a subsea tunnel from Pingtan to Hsinchu; from Xiamen to Jinmen to Penghu and Yunlin to build cross-sea bridges. Among them, the first section of the "South Bridge" is the Xiajin Bridge.
With the increasingly close exchanges and the formation of the Xiamen-Golden Circle of Life, the transportation between the two places alone has been in short supply. In recent years, the call for the construction of a sea-crossing bridge has increased, and Kinmen has been eager to promote it. "Four plans. Among them, the "Xia Jin Yi Bridge", the route concept is to connect Xiamen Island with Lieyu Township (that is, Xiaojinmen). Proponents said that at present, the Jinlie Bridge with an investment of 7.2 billion yuan (TWD, the same below), 5.4 kilometers in length and connecting the size of Golden Gate, has begun in 2011 and will be completed by the end of 2019. To Xiamen Island, this will allow the Jinxi area with a large population of Kinmen to go directly to the prosperous Xiamen Island. At the same time, passing through Jinmen will also bring substantial economic benefits to the local area.
In addition, Kinmen also has the “Xiajin Second Bridge” plan, and has commissioned a civil engineering consulting firm to conduct a feasibility study to provide three alternative route plans, all starting from the northeast corner of Kinmen. First, from the Wulong Mountain in Jinmen, it leads to Jiaoyu Island in the mainland, connecting Xiaotuo Island to Datuo Island in series, with a total length of about 10.3 kilometers and a total engineering cost of 11.2 billion yuan. Secondly, from Wulongshan to Datong Island, the total length is about 8.6 kilometers and it costs 10.1 billion yuan. Thirdly, from Wulongshan to Xiaolian Island to Xiamen Lianhe area, it connects to the Quanxia Expressway. The bridge is 11.4 kilometers long and requires 13.2 billion yuan of investment.
Jinmen County Mayor Chen Fuhai said in an interview with a Herald reporter yesterday that among the existing plans, the one most mentioned at present is the plan to build a bridge from Kinmen Wulongshan to Xiamen Datuo Island; if the bridge can be started in the future, it will eventually choose Which scheme requires professional demonstration. According to Taiwan media reports, Ma Ying-jeou, who was in his tenure of the "Five Dragon Mountains to Datong Island" program, once went to Kinmen to announce the evaluation and construction of the "Golden Bridge".
However, some scholars also prefer the "Five Dragon Mountains series of Jiaoyu, Xiaotuo, Datuo" scheme, because it can connect three isolated islands, which is conducive to driving the island's economic development, and can solve the problem of inconvenient transportation on the island, and has a higher society. And economic benefits.
Private enterprises go first
"Golden Gate is close to the mainland. The two sides of the strait share the same origins and cultures. There are no barriers to communication. It is incredible to develop the economy without the power of the mainland." In June 2014, he ran across the strait for years to call for the glorious Taiwan project such as the Xiamen-Jinjin Peace Bridge Luo Hongbin, founding chairman of the Promotion Association, said at a press conference on the "Global Promotion of Three Kinds of Civil Projects Promoted by Golden People" held in Xiamen for the global public bidding.
At the meeting, people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits suggested a private BOT (build-operate-transfer) approach to build the Xiajin Peace Bridge. Jiangsu Huangpu Investment Co., Ltd. signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with "Taiwan Guangcai Jinsha Peace Bridge Co., Ltd." At the scene, Chen Huangjian, chairman of Jiangsu Huangpu Investment Company, also brought a cash check of RMB 1.5 billion to express his wish for support.
Yesterday, Luo Hongbin said in an interview with the Herald reporter that the preliminary preparations for the construction of the bridge have been continuing. No matter which route is selected, technology is not a problem and funds are not a problem. Many companies have also expressed their willingness to donate. As long as the policy allows it, it can be built at any time. . The construction of the Xiajin Bridge is not only a convenient connection for Xiajin traffic, but also a further integration of the two sides of the strait.
Many investors are interested in the plan as the first bridge connecting the two sides of the strait. According to the "International Herald Leader" previously reported that "Hong Kong King" He Hongzhang and Japan's Kagoshima Prefecture Takeyama Construction Company had investment intentions in the "Golden Bridge". Japanese companies hope to find cooperative banks and provide low-interest loans to participate in bridge construction. However, some analysts pointed out that it is impossible for the mainland or Taiwan to agree to the construction of Japanese-funded buildings based on comprehensive historical and actual security factors.
In addition, some scholars have called for not having to worry about the name of the first bridge on both sides of the strait. Whether it is called the Xiajin Bridge or the Jinsha Bridge, it is recommended to call it the "Matsu Bridge" because Mazu was originally the common belief, memory and blessing of the people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. Inconvenient or unwilling, then all Mazu devotees around the world will build this bridge.
Major obstacles Political factors
In response to the "new three links", Chen Yixin, a chair professor of the Political Department of the Chinese Cultural University of Taiwan, told the Herald reporter yesterday that cross-strait electricity and bridges are just as economic and technically solvable as water bridges. The main obstacle is political issues. Water and electricity are urgent needs of the people in Kinmen. When the Taiwan authorities can't supply them, and there are no alternatives on the island, they can only accept them. But if they pass through the bridge, the DPP authorities will definitely intervene.
Chen Yixin pointed out that the DPP believes that the so-called security issue will involve political operations. In fact, when Kinmen proposed the "New Three Links", the Taiwan Affairs Committee and administrative agencies immediately poured cold water, and "warned" that power supply and bridge connections were not subject to "local self-government", and they needed to be measured and evaluated carefully.
Former Jinmen County deputy speaker Xu Yuzhao said in an interview with the Herald reporter that the flow of water threw the Taiwan authorities a big slap, and they were certainly upset. However, the Xiajin life circle has taken shape. "I took a 30-minute boat ride to Xiamen and a 50-minute flight to Taiwan's main island." With the bridge, it will be faster and more convenient. Although the bridge is far away, "but we still embrace dream".