The authoritative interpretation of the "Report on the State of Chinese Language Life" ——
What exactly is "black technology"
Now, even the word "high-tech" seems to be outdated, and "black technology" has become the "new favorite" in everyone's daily use. On the 29th, the National Language Working Committee released a "White Paper on Language Life", in which a special chapter of the "Report on the State of Chinese Language Life 2018" (hereinafter referred to as the "Report") interprets the "black" of "black technology", what exactly is "black" ".
"Report" pointed out that according to the modern Chinese dictionary, "black" has eight meanings, four of which are adjective meanings: 1. Colors like ink and coal, as opposed to "white"; 2. Dark, insufficient light; 3 Concealed, illegal; 4. Vicious.
It can be seen that "black" has a neutral or derogatory color meaning, but "black technology" obviously cannot understand it that way.
The Report analyzes the source of the term "black technology". It originally originated from the Japanese anime "Full Metal Frenzy", which refers to scientific and technological innovation and its products that transcend the scope of human cognition or existing science and technology. Compared with Japanese, "black technology" refers to a wider scope in Chinese. On the one hand, it refers to conceptual technologies that are currently difficult to implement but may be realized in the future; on the other hand, it also refers to sophisticated technologies and products that have been implemented but surpassed the cognitive scope of most people. After the "black technology" came from Japanese, its meaning has gone from "incomprehensible and unrealizable" to "human understandable and achievable in the future" to "realized or partially realized", which is beyond the cognition and contact of ordinary people Range.
When did "black technology" start to catch fire? The "Report" pointed out that "black technology" has become a search keyword since 2011, and the general web search index and media index in 2016 both peaked. In 2017, it has been maintained at a high level. In the headline index with news reports as the main data source, the highest single-day heat value of "Black Technology" in 2017 was as high as 376,400.
The "black technology" used in language is also "red".
Tian Lixin, the director of the Pragmatics Department and the Ministry of Education of the Ministry of Education, told the Science and Technology Daily reporter that in 2017, the key technology research and application engineering of language informatization was fully launched. Approved projects, the "National Language Commission Language Resource Network", which brings together more than 250 language and character databases, resource databases, corpora, and service software, is officially launched. Among them, there are "black technologies" such as speech recognition and synthesis, sign language, lip interpretation, automatic translation, article writing, and human-computer interaction.
But the "black" of black technology is sometimes not pure. The "Report" said that some "pseudo-black technology" used hot word packaging, which had neither idea innovation nor technological breakthroughs. For example, some so-called intelligent robots can only carry out a simple dialogue with one question and one answer, and claim to be "black technology"; some diaries with the power bank function dare to call them "smart notebooks". "These fraudulent technologies and products will erode the growth soil of true" black technology ". The" Report "emphasizes that the innovation and development of true" black technology "should be maintained and promoted so that technology can benefit humanity. (Reporter Zhang Galen)