Xinhua News Agency, Zhengzhou, August 13th: Should the life-saving money raised by the crowds be taxed?
Xinhua News Agency reporter “China Net Affairs” Zhang Haoran
Should the life-saving money raised on the Internet disease fundraising platform be taxed? This problem entangled the top 1,000 sick young people in Yuanyang County, Henan Province. Qianqiang's crowdfunding of 60,000 yuan through the "Reassurance" platform crowdfunding, the platform responsible for 5% of the "tax". Recently, questions about whether such platforms are eligible for fundraising assistance and whether they can charge fees have caused heated discussions online.
Does paying charity change charity, or does charity last longer?
At the beginning of April 2018, Qianqiang, a young man in Yuanyang County, Xinxiang City, Henan Province, was diagnosed with glioma. According to the introduction, the family members helped Qian Qiang launch a fundraiser on the fundraising platform operated by Yuanyang County Youth Superb itself.
Qian Hai's family member Zhang Haiwang introduced that at that time, it had raised more than 60,000 yuan a week, and the "relief help" suddenly stopped due to "technical reasons". Fundraising is interrupted, Qian Qiang wants to withdraw in advance. After giving more than 40,000 yuan to the Qiangqiang, Gao Chao proposed that the "tax" of 5% of the raised amount should be deducted, because the charity money was entered into the company account, not a public welfare account enjoying tax benefits. Qian Qiang's family believes that this is not "tax" but an excuse for "relaxing help" to take advantage of opportunities. So I broke the news to the media. Pressured by public opinion, Gao Chao surrendered the remaining charity in full.
The incident exploded on the Internet. The opinions of netizens were tit-for-tat. Some netizens believed that the platform should not be charged, otherwise charity would be deformed and its taste would be illegal. Netizen "Sleepy Hippo LLL" thinks: "It's a good thing to do public welfare, is that called public welfare?"
Some netizens said that operating the platform requires costs, reasonable fees to ensure survival, and corporate accounts do have to pay taxes, and the platform cannot afford the patient. Netizens "move straight forward" believe: "In order to allow the platform to survive, and to help more people in need, I personally think it is reasonable."
Personal help information can still be posted on platforms not designated by the Ministry of Civil Affairs
So, are these platforms like "Reassured Help" qualified to help raise funds? Does the "5% tax" argument hold true?
The Ministry of Civil Affairs issued an announcement saying that at present, there are 20 Internet fundraising platforms in China that can provide charity organizations with information release services, including "easy raise" and "drop raise". "Reassured help" is obviously not included. So, in addition to the above 20 platforms, can the public encounter difficulties in raising funds through Internet platforms that have not been identified by the Ministry of Civil Affairs?
"First, we need to distinguish public fundraising from personal help. Public fundraising requires that the fundraising subject publish the fundraising information to unspecified people, and the purpose of the fundraising is for the benefit of the unspecified person. It ’s personal help. ”Huang Mingming, deputy director of the Charity and Legal Research Center of the China Charity Research Institute of Beijing Normal University, pointed out that some platforms have both the function of publishing public fundraising information and the release of personal help information. Information Internet public fundraising information platform was designated.
Huang Mingming further explained: "The Charity Law forbids individuals and organizations that are not eligible for public fundraising to openly raise funds, but does not clearly regulate individual requests for assistance. Therefore, individuals use the Internet platform to raise funds for help in order to solve the difficulties of themselves or their immediate family members. , Is not banned, but to ensure the authenticity of the information, otherwise other relevant laws will restrict it. It is recommended that individuals choose the platform designated by the Ministry of Civil Affairs when publishing help information. "
Charitable charges are an international practice and have not been clearly defined in China
The survey found that most of the well-known Internet disease fundraising platforms claimed no fees. For example, "Drip of Water" said that it has never charged any fees since its establishment, and "Easy to raise" also announced in May 2017 that there is no fee for personal illness. While free of charge, most of the above platforms choose to sell Internet insurance to ensure profitability.
There are also platforms that do not claim to be completely free, such as the "Love Fundraising" statement: it will ensure that the funds raised by the helper are transferred to the helper in full and in accordance with the WeChat public account withdrawal rules, but it is not exempted from the "WeChat party's Commissions, operating expenses. "
The survey found that the platforms that claim to be free have certain strengths, have obtained investment from large funds and investment institutions, and have relatively mature profit channels. The fate of other platforms has many twists and turns. "Let's raise it" on July 1st this year released the "Stop New Project Initiation Function Announcement" as an example.
Regarding the issue of fees, Huang Mingming pointed out: "After the information platform is issued for individuals without the Internet platform designated by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, can they be charged for assistance? Charity law and other related laws have not clearly stipulated that some disputes will inevitably arise in practice. . Generally the parties can agree beforehand. "
Professor Wang Zhenyao, dean of the China Philanthropy Research Institute of Beijing Normal University, believes that fundraising platforms are free and good, but whether they are charged or not, there are many ways to look at it. First, the charity organizations in many countries charge fees for fundraising because There are costs to raising money. "The proportion of big money is small, the proportion of small money is large." The charging ratio of 10% -20% is an international practice. In fact, certain administrative expenses are allowed in the country. Although the accounting system does not stipulate a specific ratio, it must be publicly recorded and audited. Second, the charity law has been in effect for two years, and charitable organizations are still not easy to register in some counties. It is helpless to get into corporate accounts. If the money goes into the corporate account, it is indeed taxable. Third, if Internet fundraising platforms are to be charged, users of the platform should be clearly notified in advance.
As for the superb "tax" claims of the person in charge of "Reassurance", the staff of the State Taxation Bureau of Xinxiang City, Henan Province said: "If the platform uses a corporate account, taxes need to be paid." But Gao Chao could not prove "Reassurance" In each fundraising, "tax" was paid at a rate of 5%.