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[China Moves Steadily] The "China Road" to the Modernization of State Governance

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Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system grow on the soil of Chinese society and form the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. They are rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorb the beneficial results of human system civilization. Not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability in China, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society in which plural civilizations coexist. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and the Governance Ability of the Communist Party of China. The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are tightly centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to improve and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new ideas and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward the reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to deeply study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the launch of the 14th article, so stay tuned.

Summary of content: The comprehensive promotion of governing the country according to law is an important aspect of improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, and a broad and profound revolution in the field of national governance. The national governance system is a complex system, and the rule of law system is the backbone of the national governance system. The comprehensive promotion of administering the country according to law is a systematic project that involves many aspects of national governance. The overall grasp in practical work is to build a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics. It is necessary to accelerate the formation of a complete legal system, an efficient legal implementation system, and a strict The supervision system of the rule of law and the strong guarantee system of the rule of law have formed a complete system of laws and regulations within the party to continuously advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.

The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Significant Issues in Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Capability Answered the major political question of "what to uphold and consolidate, improve and develop" in China's national system and governance, to uphold and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics for the new era, and to modernize the national governance system and governance capabilities. Painted a new creative grand blueprint.

The scientific system formed by the party and the people in long-term practical exploration

Looking at the historical process of socialism from its birth to the present, how to manage a new society like a socialist society, in the past world socialist practice, although the plans have emerged and the models frequently appear, only the Chinese Communist Party has handed out brilliant answers to history. . The "Decision" comprehensively summarizes the historical achievements of the construction of a socialist system with Chinese characteristics, summarizes the significant advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, and elaborates the fundamental system, basic system, and importance of supporting the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The system clarifies the overall requirements, overall goals, and key tasks for adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. There are both new theoretical summaries and new practical requirements.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, our party has deeply considered and explored how to build socialism and how to govern China. Although there have been serious regional twists and turns during this period, we have accumulated rich experience in the national governance system and governance capabilities. Major results have been achieved. Since the reform and opening up, our party has considered and explored the issue of national governance system and governance capacity from a completely new perspective, and has achieved political stability, economic development, social harmony, and national unity. This is in stark contrast to the continuous chaos in some regions and countries around the world. Contrast. Practice has fully proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental institutional guarantee for the development and progress of contemporary China. It is an advanced system with obvious institutional advantages and strong self-improvement capabilities.

The socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core leads the people to advance the overall layout of the "Five in One", coordinate the advancement of the "Four Comprehensive" strategic layout, and promote the improvement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance The level of modernization of governance and governance capabilities has been significantly improved, providing strong guarantees for political stability, economic development, cultural prosperity, national unity, people's happiness, social tranquility, and national unity. Practice has proved that the socialist system and national governance system with Chinese characteristics are guided by Marxism, are rooted in China, have deep Chinese cultural roots, and have won the support of the people. They are systems with strong vitality and great superiority. The governance and governance system is a system and governance system that can continuously promote the progress and development of a country with a population of nearly 1.4 billion, and ensure that the Chinese nation with a history of more than 5,000 years of civilization achieves the "two hundred years" struggle goal and then achieves a great revival.

Concentrated embodiment of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and its enforcement capabilities

The national governance system and governance capacity are a concentrated reflection of a country's system and its ability to implement the system. China's national governance system is an institutional system that manages the country under the leadership of the party, including economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization, and party building. It is a set of closely linked and coordinated countries. System; national governance capacity is the ability to use the national system to manage all aspects of society, including reform, development, stability, internal affairs, foreign affairs, national defense, and governance of the party and the country. The national governance system and governance capacity are an organic whole, and the two complement each other. A good national governance system can improve the national governance capacity and improve the national governance capacity to give full play to the effectiveness of the national governance system.

The cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics is constantly developing, and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics also needs to be continuously improved. It is necessary to adhere to the theoretical innovation based on practice to promote institutional innovation, adhere to and improve the existing system, proceed from reality, formulate some new systems in a timely manner, build a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation system, so that all aspects of the system are more mature More stereotyped. As early as 1992, Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "I am afraid that it will take another 30 years for us to form a more mature and more stereotyped system in all aspects. The guidelines and policies under this system will also be more stereotyped. . Now that we are building Chinese-style socialism, the experience is getting richer every day. "The 18th National Congress of the Party clearly stated that it is necessary to use greater political courage and wisdom to deepen reform in important areas without losing time, and to resolutely eliminate all ideas and concepts that hinder scientific development. Disadvantages of the system and mechanism, the establishment of a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation system, so that all aspects of the system are more mature and stereotyped. The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that "it is necessary to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, to continuously advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, to resolutely break all the malpractices of ideological concepts and institutional mechanisms, to break through the barriers of solidified interests, and to absorb human civilization. Beneficial results, the establishment of a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation system, give full play to the superiority of China's socialist system. "

We must adapt to the overall process of national modernization and advance the modernization of national governance systems and capabilities from all fields. Not only reform the institutional mechanisms, laws and regulations that do not meet the requirements of practical development, but also continue to build new institutional mechanisms, laws and regulations to make all aspects of the system more scientific and complete, and realize the institutionalization, standardization, and management of party, state, and social affairs. Programmatic. Pay more attention to the construction of governance capacity, strengthen the awareness of acting in accordance with the system and law, be good at using the system and the law to govern the country, transform the advantages of all aspects of the system into the effectiveness of managing the country, and improve the party's scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance in accordance with the law.

Regarding adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that in terms of forming a more mature and stereotyped system, the first half of China's socialist practice has passed. In the first half, our main historical task is to establish the basics of socialism. System, and reform on this basis, now has a very good foundation. In the second half of the year, our main historical task is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, to provide a more complete, stable, and useful set of services for the development of the party and the country, for the happiness and well-being of the people, for the harmony and stability of society, and for the long-term stability of the country. Institutional system. This project is extremely ambitious. It can not be adjusted in a piecemeal manner, nor can it be patched up. It must be comprehensive and systematic reforms and improvements. It must be the linkage and integration of reforms and improvements in various fields. It has the overall effect of modernizing the national governance system and governance capabilities. Achieve overall results. The Fourth Plenary Session emphasized that we must adhere to the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "Three Represents," the scientific outlook on development, and Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. "Four self-confidences" and "two safeguards", adhere to the party's leadership, the people are the masters of the country, govern the country in accordance with the law and the organic unity, adhere to emancipate the mind, seek truth from facts, adhere to reform and innovation, and highlight and adhere to the fundamental principles that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics System, basic system, and important system, focusing on solid foundation, strengthening advantages, complementing weaknesses, strengths and weaknesses, building a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation system, strengthening system governance, lawful governance, comprehensive governance, source governance, and The advantages of China's system are better transformed into the effectiveness of national governance, which provides a strong guarantee for achieving the "two hundred years" goal and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Must comprehensively advance the rule of law

The comprehensive promotion of governing the country according to law is a major strategic issue that affects our party's governing and rejuvenating the country, the happiness and well-being of the people, and the long-term peace and order of the party and the country. It is an important aspect of improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the country's governance system, and governance capabilities. A broad and profound revolution in governance. The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China put the adherence to and improvement of the socialist system of rule of law with Chinese characteristics in a very important position, fully embodying the great importance attached by Comrade Xi Jinping as the core of the party's central government to administering the country in accordance with the law and building a country ruled by law. The "Decision" clearly states: "Building a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics and building a socialist country with a legal system are the inherent requirements for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics." It further emphasizes that comprehensively promoting the rule of law in order to modernize the country's governance system and capacity. important meaning.

Xiaozhi governs affairs, Zhongzhi governs people, and Dazhi makes legislation. The key to administering a country and a society is to establish rules, stress rules, and abide by rules. Experience and lessons have made our party deeply realize that the rule of law is an indispensable and important means of governing the country and governing the country. When we attach importance to the rule of law, the rule of law, and the peace and security of the country, when we neglect the rule of law, the relaxation of the rule of law, and the people ’s resentment. China is a large country with a population of 1.4 billion. It has a vast area, many ethnic groups, and complex national conditions. If our party is in power in such a big country, we must ensure national unity, legal system, decrees, and markets. To achieve economic development, political clarity, prosperous culture, social justice, and good ecology, we must uphold the standards of the law and use the rule of law. the way.

The law is the most important tool for governing the country, and the rule of law is an important support for the governance system and capacity of the country. The national governance system is a complex system, and the rule of law system is the backbone of the national governance system. The comprehensive promotion of governing the country according to law is a systematic project that involves many aspects of national governance. In actual work, there must be a general grasper. This general grasper is to build a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics. This is also the overall goal of comprehensively advancing the rule of law. It not only clarifies the nature and direction of comprehensively advancing the rule of law, but also highlights the work priorities and general grasp of comprehensively advancing the rule of law. All work in ruling the country according to law must be planned and advanced around this general grasp.

The comprehensive promotion of administering the country according to law is a systematic project. It is necessary to take overall consideration, grasp key points, and overall planning, and pay more attention to systemicity, integrity, and synergy. Governing the country according to law, governing according to law, and administering according to law are an organic whole. The key is that the party must adhere to governing according to law and governments at all levels must adhere to administration according to law. The country under the rule of law, the government under the rule of law, and the society under the rule of law have their own priorities and complement each other. The country under the rule of law is the goal of the rule of law construction. The government under the rule of law is the main body of the country under the rule of law. We must be good at using the system and laws to govern the country, and improve the party's scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance in accordance with law.

To build a socialist system of rule of law with Chinese characteristics, we must comprehensively promote scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and abide by the law by the people. To resolve outstanding contradictions and problems in the fields of legislation, law enforcement, justice, and law compliance, we must unswervingly advance reform in the rule of law. It is necessary to firmly grasp the key links in comprehensively administering the country according to law, improve the legislative system, and improve the quality of legislation. It is necessary to promote strict law enforcement, rationalize the law enforcement system, improve administrative law enforcement procedures, and fully implement the administrative law enforcement responsibility system. It is necessary to support judicial organs to exercise their powers independently according to law, and to improve the institutional arrangements for the division of responsibilities, mutual cooperation and mutual restraint of judicial power. It is necessary to increase the popularization of the law for the whole people, and foster a legal environment in which the whole society handles matters in accordance with the law, finds the law in case of problems, uses problems, and resolves contradictions that rely on the law.

To build a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, we must correctly handle the relationship between politics and the rule of law, reform and the rule of law, governing the country by law and governing the country by virtue, governing the country by law, and governing the party by rule. The socialist rule of law must adhere to the party's leadership, and the party's leadership must rely on the socialist rule of law. "Reform and the rule of law are like two wings of a bird and two wheels of a car." We must persist in advancing reform under the rule of law and improve the rule of law in the reform. We must adhere to the combination of administering the country according to law and administering the country with morality, so that the rule of law and the rule of virtue complement each other and complement each other. It is necessary to give play to the complementary role of governing the country according to law and governing the party in accordance with regulations, ensuring that the party not only governs the country and governs the country in accordance with the constitutional laws, but also governs the party and strictly governs the party in accordance with internal party regulations. (Author: Chen Su, director of the CASS Institute of Law)

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