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Rule of China, understand! | What is the "Outline" and "Soul" of China's National Governance System

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The 13-episode theme series short video "Governance of China, I see!" Was officially launched.

Editor's note: Starting today, the 13-episode theme series of short videos "Governance of China, understand!" Was officially launched. 13 well-known experts and scholars in Shanghai will closely follow the contents of the "Decision" of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee It systematically interprets the significant advantages, great achievements, and improvements and development paths of China's national system and national governance system.

This series of short videos was produced under the guidance of the Propaganda Department of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, Shanghai Federation of Social Sciences, Shanghai Oriental Youth Academy and Shanghai People's Broadcasting Station.

First episode

"What is the" Outline "and" Soul "of China's National Governance System?

Speaker: Sang Yucheng (President and Professor, Shanghai Political Association)

The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee made important arrangements on a number of major issues of "adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities". This is the need to further deepen reforms, to further mature and shape our various systems, policies, and laws. It is also necessary to realize the ambitious vision of the "two hundred years". It is also a strong guarantee for our party to respond to risks and challenges and win the initiative.

In the "Decision" of the Fourth Plenary Session, we first summarized the socialist system with Chinese characteristics formed through years of exploration and practice, and the significant advantages reflected by these systems, and put forward proposals for further advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. The task also sets out the goals and requirements for the phased implementation of the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. What we need to do now is how to translate these institutional advantages into the effectiveness of state governance.

In China's national governance system, the party's comprehensive leadership system is of fundamental significance. It can be said that it is the party's comprehensive leadership system and the use of the advantages of this system that have enabled the formation of a complete socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The party's leadership system is not only the "outline" of China's national governance system, but also the "soul" of our country's governance system.

The party's leadership system can play its biggest function and role. The most important aspect is the need for the party to continuously improve its ability and level of scientific governance, democratic governance, and lawful governance.

Scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance in accordance with law are the inevitable requirements of modern society for governing the country, the goals and directions of political development in socialist countries, and important guarantees for the long-term and stable governance of our party.

On the one hand, with the development of science and technology, economics and other fields, the complexity of modern society is increasing. On the other hand, the difficulty of governing the country is also increasing. In this case, scientific governance has become an inevitable requirement. What is scientific governance? Scientific governance is to uphold the spirit of science and follow the laws of science to deal with all issues in national governance.

As far as democratic governance is concerned, we all know that democracy is an essential characteristic of socialism. Comrade Deng Xiaoping said a long time ago that there can be no socialism without democracy. Of course, Deng Xiaoping also said that the more socialism develops, the more democracy develops. Classic Marxist writers have always valued the significance of democracy for socialism. Our Party has always emphasized that Communists take democracy as their responsibility. Therefore, the party's comprehensive leadership system is to develop and improve the socialist democratic system through such a system.

A basic feature of modern state governance is governing according to law. The party has led the people to formulate laws, established a sound socialist constitutional legal system, and actively maintained the authority of the constitutional law. This is a strong guarantee for the Communist Party of China's long-term and stable governance.

Democratic governance and the promotion of socialist democratic politics are inevitable requirements for the development of socialist countries. For many years, we have also attached great importance to the building of democratic politics.

Recently, General Secretary Xi visited a community in Changning District, Shanghai. During the inspection, he also found that residents would sit down to discuss and discuss public issues. Therefore, General Secretary Xi calls this form of democracy in the whole process, that is, how people participate in public affairs and state affairs.

When we talk about the national governance system, the people-centered national governance system must also be the national governance system in which the people participate, and the people-led national governance system.

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