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Read Xi Jinping's New Year's Greeting 2020 These terms and characters should be known

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On New Year's Eve, President Xi Jinping delivered the New Year's message of the year 2020 through the Central Radio and Television Station and the Internet. (Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Peng)

At 7:00 pm on December 31, 2019, Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered the New Year's congratulations in 2012 through the Central Radio and Television Central Station and the Internet. This is the seventh time that he has given a New Year message since he assumed the presidency. Just a few thousand words, as always, warm people's hearts, as always, forge ahead.

The editor of People's Daily.com combed the important nouns and figures in President Xi Jinping's New Year's greetings in 2020, so that we can all feel the wisdom of plain language, and then touch the pulse of the times in China.

1. Three major battles

On October 18, 2017, the report of the Nineteenth National Congress pointed out that we must resolutely fight the battle against major risks, accurately alleviate poverty, and prevent and control pollution, so that a well-off society in a comprehensive manner can be recognized by the people and stand the test of history. On March 5, 2018, the government work report submitted to the First Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress considers the three major battles as a “combat plan” and presents it: promoting significant progress in preventing and resolving major risks, intensifying precision poverty alleviation, and promoting pollution prevention Great results. The Central Economic Work Conference held from December 10th to 12th, 2019 outlined the "offensive and defensive maps" of these three tough battles in 2020. We must make unremitting efforts and rise to the challenge, and concentrate our forces to fight the deep poverty eradication and ensure poverty alleviation. The task of tackling the problems was completed as scheduled, and we must stick to our positions and consolidate our achievements. We must focus on the defense of the blue sky, clear water, and pure land. We must also prevent and control the source.

2. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development

The core of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development is the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region as a whole. The basic starting point is to defuse non-capital functions and solve Beijing's "big city disease", adjust and optimize the urban layout and spatial structure, and build a modern transportation network system. , Expand the environmental capacity and ecological space, and strive to form a new pattern of coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei with the same goals, integrated measures, complementary advantages, and mutual benefit. In November 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council clearly requested that the non-capital functions of Beijing be “bull-nose” to promote the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, adjust the regional economic structure and spatial structure, and promote the construction of the Hebei Xiong'an New District and Beijing's urban sub-centers to explore oversized Cities, megacities, and other economically densely populated areas have an orderly function of optimizing development and effective management of "big city disease".

3. The Yangtze River Economic Belt

The Yangtze River Economic Belt covers 11 provinces and cities including Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou, covering an area of about 2.0523 million square kilometers, accounting for 21.4% of the country. More than 40% of the country. Promoting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt is a major decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core. It is a major strategy related to the overall development of the country. It has the Chinese dream to achieve the "two hundred years" goal and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation important meaning.

4. Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge shot by drone. ( Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Liang Xu)

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area includes the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macau Special Administrative Region, and Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Huizhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, and Zhaoqing (hereinafter referred to as the `` nine cities in the Pearl River Delta ''). , With a total area of 56,000 square kilometers. In February 2019, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Outline of Development Planning for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area". As one of the regions with the highest degree of openness and strong economic vitality in China, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has an important strategic position in the overall national development. The "Outline" points out that by 2022, the comprehensive strength of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area will be significantly enhanced, the cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao will be deepened and broadened, the endogenous development momentum of the region will be further enhanced, the development vitality, outstanding innovation ability, optimized industrial structure, smooth factor flow, The framework of a world-class bay area and a world-class urban agglomeration with a beautiful ecological environment has basically been formed.

5. Integration of the Yangtze River Delta

On November 5, 2018, Xi Jinping announced at the first China International Import Expo that he supports the development of regional integration of the Yangtze River Delta and has become a national strategy. This region with the most active economic development, the highest degree of openness, and the strongest innovation ability in China has carried an extraordinary national mission ever since.

6. Ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin

Ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin are major national strategies. The Yellow River Basin plays a very important role in China's economic and social development and ecological security. The Yellow River originates from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and flows through 9 provinces and autonomous regions, with a total length of 5,464 kilometers. It is the second largest river in China after the Yangtze River. The total population of the Yellow River Basin provinces at the end of 2018 was 420 million, accounting for 30.3% of the country's total; the regional GDP was 23.9 trillion yuan, accounting for 26.5% of the country's total. "Together with great protection and coordinated promotion of great governance" "Make the Yellow River a happy river for the benefit of the people." On September 18, 2019, Xi Jinping hosted a symposium on ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin and delivered an important speech in Zhengzhou, Henan. Focusing on the overall national development situation, he clearly pointed out that the Yellow River Basin is of great importance in China's economic and social development and ecological security Status, profoundly clarifies the significance of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, and made major deployments to strengthen governance and protection of the Yellow River and promote high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin.

7. Chang'e 4

(Photo courtesy of NASA)

At 10:26 on January 3, 2019, the Chang'e-4 probe successfully landed on the von Carmen impact crater on the back of the moon, and transmitted the world's first close-up image of the moon back through the "Qiaoqiao" relay star. Unveiled the mysterious veil of the moon back. This mission achieved the first lunar soft landing of the human probe and the first relay communication between the lunar and the earth, and opened a new chapter in human lunar exploration. The Chang'e 4 mission team has won the 2019 Royal Team Gold Award of the Royal Society and the Outstanding Lunar Mission Award from the Lunar Village Association. On the road of technological innovation, China is walking with the world with an increasingly open attitude.

8.Long March 5

Instant launch of the Long March 5 Yao III rocket (Photographed by Thunder of People's Daily)

The Long March V series of launch vehicles, also known as "Big Rockets" and "Fat 5", is a new generation of China's new launch vehicle series with a core core diameter of 5 meters. On the evening of December 27, 2019, the Long March 5 Yaosan carrier rocket developed by the First Research Institute of the Aerospace Science and Technology Group successfully launched the practice 20 satellite into its intended orbit at the Hainan Wenchang Satellite Launch Center. The lunar exploration project is divided into three phases: "circle", "fall" and "return". At present, the first two phases have been successfully completed, and the third phase is about to start. In 2020, China will use the Long March V launch vehicle to launch the "Chang'e V" to realize the unplanned return to the moon and successfully complete the overall planning goal of the three-step exploration of the lunar exploration project.

9.Snow Dragon 2

The picture shows the "Snow Dragon 2". ( Photo courtesy of China Polar Research Center)

On July 11, 2019, China's first self-built polar scientific expedition icebreaker-"Xuelong 2" was successfully delivered in Shanghai. It sailed from Shenzhen on October 15, 2019 for the first voyage to Antarctica. "Xuelong 2" construction project was organized and implemented by China Polar Research Center under the Ministry of Natural Resources. According to the model of "joint design at home and abroad, domestic construction", Finnish Arctic Arctic Co., Ltd. undertakes the basic design, China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation 708 Research Institute carries out detailed design, and Jiangnan Shipbuilding (Group) Co., Ltd. is responsible for the construction. The ship is 122.5 meters long, 22.32 meters wide, with a designed draught of 7.85 meters, a designed displacement of 13,996 tons, a speed of 12-15 knots, a cruising range of 20,000 nautical miles, and a self-sustaining force of 60 days. It can reach 1.5 meters in ice thickness and snow at a speed of 2-3 knots. Continuous ice-breaking sailing with a thickness of 0.2 meters.

10. Beidou Navigation Global Network

At 15:22 on December 16, 2019, China successfully launched the fifty-second and fifty-third Beidou navigation satellites at the "Xingyijianxingxing" mode at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center. At this point, the launch of all medium-circle Earth orbit satellites marks the completion of the deployment of the core constellation of the BeiDou-3 global system, which will further improve the system service performance and user experience, and lay a solid foundation for the ultimate realization of global networking. In 2009, the Beidou III project was officially launched. Since the first launch of BeiDou-3 network satellites on November 5, 2017, BeiDou has achieved 18 satellite launches of Lien Chan in two years, refreshing the world with an average density of 1.2 satellites per month. World record for satellite navigation system networking speed.

11.5G commercial

On June 6, 2019, people passed by the 5G logo in Hangzhou. (Long Wei / People's Picture)

On October 31, 2019, at the 2019 China International Information and Communication Exhibition, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced that 5G commercial use was officially launched. On the same day, the three major operators, China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom, announced 5G commercial packages. The packages were officially launched on November 1. 5G is a key enabling technology driving the vigorous development of the Industrial Internet. 5G's high-speed, low-latency, massive connections and other advantages can meet the needs of industrial Internet connection diversity, performance differentiation, and communication diversity. As a new generation of mobile communication technology, 5G expands its service target from person-to-person communication to person-to-thing, object-to-thing communication, and application fields from mobile Internet to mobile Internet of Things. The new journey leading the change represents the development direction and strategic commanding heights of the new generation of information and communication technology. It will trigger profound changes in production methods and lifestyles, and is becoming a new height of competition in the global technology and industrial revolution.

12. Beijing Daxing International Airport

The "Phoenix Spread Wings" of Beijing Daxing International Airport made a wonderful appearance. (Wang Zirui / People's Pictures)

On the morning of September 25, 2019, the opening ceremony of Beijing Daxing International Airport was held in Beijing. Xi Jinping attended the ceremony and announced that the airport was officially put into operation and toured the terminal. Beijing Daxing International Airport is located between Daxing District of Beijing and Guangyang District of Langfang City, Hebei Province, and is 46 kilometers straight from Tiananmen Square. It is currently the largest new airport in the world. The terminal complex is 1.4 million square meters, and the finger gallery of the dockable aircraft has a length of more than 4,000 meters. The airport plans six civil runways with four vertical and two horizontal directions, and 268 parking spaces with three vertical and four horizontal runways will be constructed in this period. The airport has established a "five vertical and two horizontal" transportation network, which can reach Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in one hour.

13. Pilot Free Trade Zone

The free trade pilot zone refers to trade arrangements that are more favorable in terms of trade and investment than the relevant provisions of the World Trade Organization. They designate specific areas outside the borders of sovereign countries or regions, and allow foreign goods to enter and exit free of tariffs. It is essentially a customs quarantine area with a free port policy. In the narrow sense, it refers only to areas that provide import exemptions for goods such as raw materials required for processing and export in the zone, similar to export processing zones. The broader term also includes free ports and re-export trade areas. From September 2013 to August 2019, China has approved 18 pilot free trade zones in multiple batches, and has basically formed the basic pattern of "1 + 3 + 7 + 1 + 6" and formed the coordination of east, west, south, north, and middle. The openness of land and sea as a whole has promoted the formation of a new round of comprehensive opening up in China.

上海自由贸易试验区新片区 14. New Area of Shanghai Free Trade Pilot Zone

China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone. (Photo courtesy of the Free Trade Zone Management Committee)

The addition of a new area in the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone is one of Xi Jinping's major opening measures announced at the first China International Import Expo in November 2018. Nine months later, the new area was unveiled. This is not simply an expansion of the area, but a fundamental institutional innovation. It is a re-upgrade of deepening reform and opening up. As protectionism continues to spread, China's opening up will not only promote the high-quality development of the domestic economy, but will also inject confidence and vitality into the development of the world economy.

15, science and technology board

Xi Jinping was announced at the opening ceremony of the first China International Import Expo on November 5, 2018. It is a newly established segment independent of the existing motherboard market, and a pilot system of registration is conducted in this segment.

16.Tax reductions

From January 1, 2019, the newly revised "Implementation Regulations of the People's Republic of China on the Personal Income Tax Law" was formally implemented, and the people enjoyed the tax reduction bonus as scheduled. In the first 10 months of 2019, taxes and fees were reduced by 1968.894 billion yuan across the country, of which 1,476.326 billion yuan were reduced by taxes, and social insurance premiums were reduced by 321.568 billion yuan. It is expected that the tax and fee reductions for the whole year will exceed 2 trillion yuan, accounting for more than 2% of GDP. Reducing taxes and fees is the key to coping with the complex situation and withstanding the downward pressure on the economy. It has played an important role in stabilizing economic growth and stimulating the vitality of innovation and entrepreneurship.

17. Individual income tax threshold

Children's education, continuing education, critical illness medical care, housing loan interest or housing rent, pensions for the elderly ... From January 1, 2019, China's personal tax reform has taken important steps, and the levy point was raised to 5000 from October 1, 2018 On the basis of RMB / month, for the first time, six special additional deductions were implemented, and taxpayers received more accurate tax reduction “red envelopes”.

18. Network speed reduction and fee reduction

Network speed increase and fee reduction refer to the reforms of China Unicom, China Mobile and China Telecom to increase network speed and reduce tariffs. Speeding up and reducing fees is a task entrusted to telecommunications operators by the state. Since 2015, in terms of network speedup, the average download rate of fixed and mobile broadband has increased by more than 6 times. The average download rate of fixed broadband users has increased from 4.2M at the end of 2014 to 28M. The download rate of mobile broadband has increased from less than 3M in the 3G era to 22M . In terms of network fee reductions, compared with 5 years ago, the tariffs on fixed network and mobile Internet traffic dropped by more than 90%, and the average monthly user mobile traffic reached 7.2GB, which is 1.2 times the global average.

19.Garbage classification

A set of sorting bins with beverage bottles and books as the shape appeared on the streets of Nanjing. Its intuitive shape, while advocating waste sorting, also became a different kind of scenery on the street. (Su Yang / People's Pictures)

In recent years, China has accelerated the implementation of the waste classification system. The nationwide waste classification work has gradually started and has achieved initial results. 46 key cities have tried first and made positive progress in promoting waste classification. Beginning in 2019, cities at the prefecture level and above nationwide will comprehensively start domestic waste classification. By the end of 2020, 46 key cities will basically have garbage classification and treatment systems. By the end of 2025, cities at the national level and above will basically have garbage classification and treatment systems.

20. Grassroots year

The General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the "Notice on Resolving Prominent Issues of Formalism to Reduce Burdens at the Grass-roots Level" in 2019, and explicitly proposed to use 2019 as a "basic-level burden reduction year." The "Notice" focuses on reducing the burden on the grassroots level, focusing on the "Four Focuses", strengthening the ideological education under the leadership of the party's political construction, rectifying Wenshanhuihai, changing the phenomenon of excessive inspection, excessive frequency, excessive marks, and improved accountability systems and incentives. In regards to the care mechanism and other aspects, practical measures have been proposed.

21.National Day military parade

On the morning of October 1, the General Assembly to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China was grandly held in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The picture shows the guard of honor team. (Photo by People's Daily Online reporter Weng Qiyu)

On October 1, 2019, the 70th anniversary of the National Day "Parade" arrived as scheduled. The total size is about 15,000, with more than 160 aircraft of various types and 580 sets of equipment, which is the largest in recent military parades; most of the party teams have set up generals and the number of senior commanders reviewed is the largest in each military parade; comprehensive The guarantee conditions are the best in history; for the first time, "new lineups" such as peacekeeping troops have been reviewed. This parade, not only all the equipment being reviewed are domestically active main battle equipment, and the level of information is generally high, but also the "first show" of new weapons and equipment such as the Dongfeng-41 intercontinental strategic nuclear missile and the Long Sword-100 cruise missile ... … This military parade is the first National Day military parade led by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core to lead the whole party, the entire army, and people of all ethnic groups into the new era. It is the first overall appearance of the Republic ’s armed forces after a complete remodeling. It is the National Day series. An important part of the celebration. The significance of this is to declare the political conviction of the people's army to listen to the party's command, reflect the great achievements of reforming and strengthening the army, demonstrate the comprehensive ability to fulfill its mission, and demonstrate the firm confidence of building a world-class army.

22.70th Anniversary of Navy and Air Force

On April 23, 2019, a maritime parade to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army Navy was held in the sea and airspace near Qingdao. The picture shows a new type of nuclear submarine under review in China. (Photo by Lei Sheng of People's Daily Online)

On April 23, 2019, on the occasion of the 70th birthday of the People's Liberation Army Navy, Xi Jinping attended a maritime military parade in Qingdao to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Navy. Since sailing from the White Horse Temple in Taizhou, Jiangsu, on April 23, 1949, the People's Navy has been breaking waves all the way under the guidance of the Party, and has gradually developed into a maritime armed force that can effectively safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests. 在人民空军成立70周年之际,习近平2019年11月8日出席庆祝空军成立70周年主题活动,代表党中央和中央军委,对空军成立70周年表示热烈祝贺,向空军全体官兵致以诚挚问候。 On November 8, 2019, on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Air Force, Xi Jinping attended the theme event to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force on November 8, 2019. On behalf of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, he extended his warm congratulations to the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force. All officers and soldiers extend their sincere greetings.

23. The Seventh World Military Games

The 7th World Military Games was held in Wuhan, China from October 18th to 27th, 2019. More than 9,300 military athletes from 109 countries participated. The Games set up 27 major events and 329 minor events. Military athletes from various countries challenged their limits and climbed new highs with tenacious perseverance, breaking a total of 7 world records and 85 international military records. The Chinese People's Liberation Army sports delegation won a total of 133 gold medals, 64 silver medals, and 42 bronze medals, ranking first in the gold medal and medal list, achieving a historic breakthrough for the Chinese team in the World Military Games. The 7th World Military Games is the first comprehensive international military sports event hosted by China, and it is also the largest international sports event held in China after the Beijing Olympics.

24. First domestic aircraft carrier listed

On December 17, 2019, China's first domestic aircraft carrier Shandong ship was delivered to the Navy at a military port in Sanya, Hainan. Xi Jinping attended the handover ceremony. With the approval of the Central Military Commission, the ship was named "Shandong Ship of the Navy of the Chinese People's Liberation Army" and the ship number was "17". The aircraft carrier is a symbol of a country's comprehensive national strength and naval strength. The entry of domestic aircraft carriers is a vivid portrayal of the leaps and bounds development of the modernization of weapons and equipment in our army since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

25.Celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China

On the morning of October 1, 2019, the General Assembly to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China was grandly held in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. More than 200,000 soldiers and civilians celebrated the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China with a grand parade and mass parade. Xi Jinping delivered an important speech and reviewed the troops under review. In addition, a series of celebrations were held, including the award of 42 national medals and national honors, and a mass celebration in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The celebration of the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China has inspired the patriotism and national aspirations of the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country, bringing together the majestic strength of building the Chinese dream together.

26. Xiong'an New District

On July 13, 2019, the construction site of Xiong'an Station on the Jingxiong Intercity Railway in Xigang County, Xiong County, Hebei Xiong'an New District. (Wang Zirui / People's Pictures)

In 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued a notice deciding to establish the Hebei Xiong'an New District. This is a major historical strategic choice made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core. It is another new area of national significance after the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone and Shanghai Pudong New Area. It is a millennium plan and a national event. The planning scope of Xiong'an New Area covers the three counties of Xiongxian, Rongcheng and Anxin in Hebei Province and surrounding areas. It is located in the hinterland of Beijing, Tianjin and Baoding. It has obvious geographical advantages, convenient and smooth transportation, excellent ecological environment, and strong resource and environmental carrying capacity. , The current level of development is low, the development space is abundant, and the basic conditions for high-standard development and construction are met. The planning and construction of Xiong'an New Area is based on the development of a specific area. The area of the starting area is approximately 100 square kilometers, the area of the medium-term development area is approximately 200 square kilometers, and the area of the long-term control area is approximately 2,000 square kilometers.

27. Dulong people in Gongshan, Yunnan

On April 10, 2019, Xi Jinping wrote to the people in Dulongjiang Township, Gongshan County, Yunnan Province, congratulating the Dulong people to achieve poverty alleviation, and encouraged the villagers to continue to work together for a happier and better life. The Dulong ethnic group is one of China's 28 ethnic minorities. It is also a ethnic minority that transitioned directly from the end of the primitive society to a socialist society in the early days of the founding of New China. It mainly lived in Dulongjiang Township, Gongshan County, Yunnan Province. It is located in a deep mountain canyon and has harsh natural conditions. It has always been one of the poorest areas in Yunnan and even the country. In 2018, 6 administrative villages in Dulongjiang Township were lifted out of poverty as a whole, and the Dulong people achieved poverty alleviation. The local people entrusted the township party committee to write a letter to Xi Jinping to report the good news of the Dulong people to achieve poverty alleviation. The determination to work together to build a good hometown.

28. Folks in Xiadang Township, Shouning County, Fujian

Thirty years ago, the remote Xiadang Township was the only "five no townships" in Fujian Province: no roads, no running water, no electric lighting, no fiscal revenue, and no government office space. People's production and life depend on their shoulders, and their per capita annual income is less than 200 yuan. Under the care of the party and the government, the cadres and the masses of the party work together to give play to the spirit of "driving through water and stones," building roads on the cliff and seeking development in the mountains. Relying on the operation of tea gardens to develop tourism and modern agriculture, in 2018, the per capita net income of XiaDang Township was 13,300 yuan, more than 60 times that of 30 years ago, and the last batch of poor households in the township all got out of poverty. On August 4, 2019, Xi Jinping sent a letter to the folks in Xiadang Township, Shouning County, Fujian Province, congratulating them on achieving poverty alleviation.

29. "Wang Jieban" all soldiers

On January 21, 2019, Xi Jinping wrote a letter to all the soldiers of the 71 Group Army Brigade "Wang Jieban", encouraging them to study hard, strengthen their convictions, practice their skills, and create new achievements. Write a fiery chapter of youth in the melting pot, and send the Chinese New Year blessings to the soldiers and their families.

30. Graduate students of Beijing Sports University

On June 18, 2019, Xi Jinping wrote a letter to all the students of the 2016 Graduate Class of Beijing Sport University, encouraging and expecting them, and extended their sincere greetings to all teachers and students of Beijing University of Technology and athletes and coaches who are actively preparing for the Olympic Games and other events. Greetings. In 2003, Beijing Sport University established a graduate championship class, which specifically recruits athletes and their coaches who have won single and collective championships in the Olympics, World Championships and World Cup. There are 24 students in the 2016 graduate class, including 8 Olympic champions, 14 world champions, and 2 champion coaches.

31.Macao children and elderly volunteers

On May 31, 2019, on the occasion of the International Children's Day, Xi Jinping wrote a letter to the elementary school students of the Yingcai School affiliated to Macao High School in Macao, cordially encouraged them, and wished them and the children a happy holiday all over the country. On October 6, 2019, when the traditional Chinese holiday Chung Yeung Festival is approaching, Xi Jinping wrote a letter to 30 elderly people from the Elderly Volunteer Group of the Macau Neighbourhood Association Yijun Center, expressing their cordial greetings and encouragement, and wishing the old people across the country Healthy longevity and happy life.

32.Zhang Fuqing

Zhang Fuqing, an old party member, was a 6th company soldier from the 2nd Battalion of the 718th Brigade of the Northwest Field Army 359 Brigade. He died nine times in the rain of guns and bullets of the liberation war. "Battle Hero" honorary title. In 1955, Zhang Fuqing retired and changed his career and took the initiative to work in Laifeng County, the most remote of Hubei Province, to devote his life to the poor mountainous areas. For more than 60 years, Zhang Fuqing has deliberately sealed his achievements without even knowing his children. At the end of 2018, in the information collection of retired soldiers, Zhang Fuqing's deeds were found, and this heroic past reappeared in front of people. In 2019, Xi Jinping gave important instructions on the advanced deeds of Comrade Zhang Fuqing, 95. On September 29, Xi Jinping awarded the Medal of the Republic to Zhang Fuqing.

33, Huang Wenxiu

Huang Wenxiu was born in Tianyang County, Baise. Before his death, he was the Deputy Chief of the Theoretical Section of the Propaganda Department of the Baise City Committee of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the first secretary of Baida Village, Xinhua Town, Leye County. When Huang Wenxiu arrived, the poverty incidence rate in Baijing Village was 22.88%; in 2018, 103 poor households in Baijing Village were successfully lifted out of 88 households, and the poverty incidence dropped to 2.71%. Late at night on June 16, 2019, after returning home to accompany her father who had just undergone liver cancer surgery, she returned to work overnight after suffering heavy rain due to flood prevention and flood control work in Baiji Village. She was only sacrificed during the flood on the way. She was only 30 years old. . After the sacrifice of Huang Wenxiu, he was awarded with honorary titles such as "Model of the Times", "National Red Banners of March Eight" and "National Model for Fighting against Poverty".

34.31 warriors in Muli, Sichuan

On March 30, 2019, a forest fire broke out in Muli County, Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province. Liangshan Prefecture detachment of Sichuan Forest Fire Corps and local fire fighters launched a rescue operation in the virgin forest at an altitude of more than 4,000 meters. During the fire-fighting operation, due to the sudden change of wind and wind direction, a sudden forest fire exploded, killing 31 people.

35.Du Fuguo

During a demining operation in October 2018, Du Fuguo, a soldier of an army demining and detonation team, was injured by a grenade to be cleared and lost his eyes and hands in order to cover his comrades-in-arms. On July 31, 2019, at the ceremony for the honorary title awarded by the Central Military Commission, Du Fuguo, the winner of the "Mine Heroes" honorary title, was accompanied by his wife and went to the stage. Xi Jinping adorned him with a model award, issued a certificate, and took a photo with him. Remember.

36.Chinese Women's Volleyball Team

The picture shows the Chinese team player Zhu Ting (left) spiking in the game. (Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Du Xiaoyi)

On September 30, 2019, Xi Jinping specially invited Chinese women's queuers and coaches representatives who have just won the 2019 Women's Volleyball World Cup Championships to attend the reception to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, and met the women's volleyball team representatives before the meeting to take a group photo . The 2019 Women's Volleyball World Cup was held in Japan from September 14th to 29th. The Chinese Women's Volleyball Team achieved eleven consecutive victories and successfully defended the World Cup title.

37. The Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

On April 25, 2019, the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation opened in Beijing, marking the construction of the Belt and Road Initiative into a new stage of high-quality development. Leaders from a total of 40 countries and international organizations attended the roundtable summit and exchanged in-depth views on issues such as promoting connectivity, strengthening policy linkages, and promoting green and sustainable development around the theme of “Building the“ Belt and Road ”and creating a better future”. , Reached broad consensus, and adopted a joint communiqué. This forum sent a clear signal to the outside world: The circle of friends for the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” has become larger, more and more good partners have been established, the quality of cooperation has become higher and higher, and the prospects for development have become better and better. With the successful conclusion of the second “Belt and Road” international cooperation summit forum, governments, localities, and enterprises of various countries reached a series of cooperation consensus, important measures and pragmatic results, condensing into a list of 283 forum results covering 6 major categories.

38. Beijing World Horticultural Exposition

On April 29, 2019, the Beijing World Horticultural Exposition officially opened. (Photo by People's Daily Online reporter Weng Qiyu)

The 2019 China Beijing World Horticultural Expo is hosted by the Chinese government and hosted by Beijing. It was held in Yanqing, Beijing from April 29th to October 7th, 2019. The theme is "Green Life, Beautiful Homes", with a total of about 110 countries and International organizations exhibit. On April 28, 2019, Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony of the 2019 Beijing World Horticultural Exposition in China and delivered an important speech entitled "Jointly seeking green life and building beautiful homes", emphasizing that green development that conforms to nature and protects the ecology shows the future . The earth is the only home on which all human beings depend. China is willing to work with other countries to build a beautiful earth home and build a community of shared future for mankind.

39. Asian Civilization Dialogue Conference

On May 15, 2019, the Asian Civilization Dialogue Conference opened in Beijing, China, with 1,352 conference delegates from all 47 countries in Asia and other countries and international organizations. The conference focused on the theme of "Asian civilization exchanges and mutual learning and a community of shared destiny", discussed the development of Asian civilizations, talked about Asia's cooperation and win-win strategy, reached broad consensus and issued the "Asian Civilization Dialogue Conference 2019 Beijing Consensus".

40. The Second China International Import Expo

From November 5th to 10th, 2019, the 2nd China International Import Expo was held at the National Exhibition and Convention Center in Shanghai, China. A total of 126 foreign government groups participated in the conference, with more than 200 guests at the vice ministerial level and above. A total of 181 countries, regions and international organizations participated in the conference. More than 3,800 enterprises participated in the exhibition. More than 500,000 domestic and overseas professional buyers came to the meeting to discuss procurement. The exhibition area reached 360,000 square meters. Buyers are more specialized, of which 32% of domestic companies are from manufacturing and 25% from wholesale and retail. The fruitful results of the transaction procurement, calculated on a year-on-year basis, totaled US $ 71.13 billion in intentional transactions, an increase of 23% over the first session. The holding of the Expo is a major decision made by China with a view to promoting a new round of high-level opening to the outside world, and a major initiative by China to actively open its markets to the world.

41. The total number of countries with which China has diplomatic relations

In 2019, on the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, the diplomacy of the great powers with Chinese characteristics continues to break through the waves, making a series of new progress and forming a large number of new results. This year, the total number of China's diplomatic ties rose to 180.

42. Build a well-off society in an all-round way

"A well-off society" was a strategic idea put forward by Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s and early 1980s when he planned the blueprint for China's economic and social development. With the deepening of the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, its connotation and significance have been continuously enriched and developed. The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly stated that "a well-off society will be built in an all-round way." On October 18, 2017, Xi Jinping pointed out that we must not only build a well-off society in an all-round way and achieve the first century-old goal, but also take advantage of the momentum to start a new journey to fully build a socialist modern country and march toward the second century-old goal. The per capita GDP is more than 3,000 US dollars, which is the fundamental sign of a well-off society.

43. Fighting poverty

At the Central Poverty Alleviation Work Conference held in 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized that he will resolutely win the fight against poverty and ensure that all poor areas and poor people will enter a comprehensive well-off society by 2020. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has created the best results in the history of poverty reduction. After poverty alleviation, infrastructure and public services in poverty-stricken areas have been greatly improved, the industry has developed steadily, the ecological environment has continued to improve, and development capacity has been significantly enhanced. The rural grassroots governance capacity and management level have been significantly improved, and the party's governance base in rural areas has been further consolidated.

44.The 20th anniversary of Macau's return to the motherland

At 8:00 on December 20, the Macau Special Administrative Region Government held a grand flag-raising ceremony at Golden Lotus Plaza to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Macau's return to the motherland. (Photo by People's Daily Online reporter Weng Qiyu)

On December 20, 2019, the 20th anniversary of the return of Macau to the motherland. From December 18th to 20th, Xi Jinping went to Macau to attend the 20th Anniversary Convention to Celebrate the Return of the Motherland to Macau and the Fifth Government Inauguration Ceremony of the Macau Special Administrative Region, and inspected the Macau Special Administrative Region. Xi Jinping delivered an important speech, highly appraising the world's remarkable development achievements in the past 20 years since Macao's return to the motherland, comprehensively summarizing the important experience of the successful implementation of Macao's "One Country, Two Systems", expressing his sincere hope for Macao's construction undertakings to a new level, and continuing for Macao Fully and accurately implementing the "one country, two systems", "Australian people governing Australia", and a high degree of autonomy, indicating the direction of efforts and providing fundamental compliance.

45.The situation in Hong Kong

Since June 2019, there have been storms in Hong Kong. On November 14, 2019, local time, when Xi Jinping attended the 11th meeting of BRICS leaders in Brasilia, he expressed the Chinese government's solemn position on the situation in Hong Kong, pointed out that the continuing violent crimes in Hong Kong and seriously trampled on the rule of law and Social order seriously undermines Hong Kong's prosperity and stability, and seriously challenges the bottom line of the "one country, two systems" principle. Stopping riots and restoring order are the most pressing tasks in Hong Kong. We will continue to firmly support the Chief Executive in leading the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government to govern according to law, firmly support the Hong Kong police in strict law enforcement, and firmly support the Hong Kong judiciary in punishing violent criminals in accordance with the law. The Chinese government is unswerving in safeguarding national sovereignty, security, and development interests. It is unswerving in implementing the principle of "one country, two systems." It is unswervingly determined to oppose any external forces interfering in Hong Kong affairs.

46.Belt and Road

The "Belt and Road" is the abbreviation of "Silk Road Economic Belt" and "21st Century Maritime Silk Road". In September and October 2013, Xi Jinping proposed the construction of the "New Silk Road Economic Belt" and "21st Century Maritime Silk" Road "cooperation initiative. Relying on the existing bilateral and multilateral mechanisms of China and relevant countries, and using existing and effective regional cooperation platforms, the Belt and Road Initiative aims to borrow the historical symbols of the ancient Silk Road, hold high the banner of peaceful development, and actively develop Economic cooperation partnership to jointly build a community of interests, a community of destiny, and a community of responsibility for political mutual trust, economic integration, and cultural tolerance.

47.Building a Community of Human Destiny

In 2013, Xi Jinping first proposed an initiative to build a community of shared future for mankind. In recent years, China's friendly cooperation with other countries in the world has been expanding. The idea of a community of shared future for mankind has been supported and endorsed by more and more people. This initiative is being transformed from idea to action. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has also declared China's sincere desire to work with all parties to promote the construction of a community of shared future for mankind. Persistence in building a community of shared future for humanity is an important part of Xi Jinping ’s diplomatic thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and an important part of Xi Jinping ’s socialist thought with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

(Reported by Deng Zhihui, Xiao Jinbo, Song Zijie, Li Yihuan Comprehensive People's Daily, Xinhua News Agency)

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