Huanhuan visited the "Golden Triangle" anti-drug command headquarters. The amount of drugs seized here was surprising!
[Global Times Special Correspondent Zhang Yueheng in Thailand] Editor's Note: "In order to eliminate drugs, we will do our best!" This is during the Spring Festival, "Global Times" reporters went to northern Thailand to visit the "Golden Triangle" drug control progress, a A word from a Myanmar police officer at the "Safe Mekong Cooperation Centre" in Chiang Mai. This anti-drug front line command initiated by China and established with Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia has entered its fifth year this year. Its main function is to jointly combat the system of the Mekong River through information exchange and judicial cooperation in the six countries. Drug and drug trafficking activities. The entire international community has stepped up its fight against drugs, but the number of drugs seized is also increasing. In recent years, the "Golden Triangle" drugs have accounted for 90% of the total drugs flowing into Thailand. Newer data shows that the number of heroin and methamphetamine tablets seized by the anti-drug law enforcement agencies in the wholesale sector has also increased significantly over the same period of the previous year. This reporter's visit not only learned about the anti-drug results achieved through the cooperation of the six countries, but also felt the complexity and difficulty of launching an anti-drug war in the "Golden Triangle", especially its "core areas".
Ten million ecstasy seized on 7 trucks
Flying north from the Thai capital Bangkok, there are more and more mountain peaks and dense forests under the wing. After more than an hour, the plane landed at Chiang Rai Airport, the northernmost part of Thailand. A reporter from "Global Times" changed to a car and drove on Highway 1. The rolling hills on both sides gradually increased, and the villages along the road were mostly named after mountains and rivers. Along the way, publicity boards in Thai and English that read “Drug addicts must die, traffickers must catch” keep appearing, and there are also telephones for reporting the “1386” of the Thai Drug Control Board. As you head north, there will be more checkpoints on the road. In some public places such as gas stations, posters will also be displayed. Some of them will display cartoon characters holding the Thai flag and write slogans such as "People are all together, stay away from drugs."
At the Chiang Mai Checkpoint in Chiang Mai, more than 40 kilometers from the Thai-Myanmar border, several Thai police officers carefully inspected an off-road vehicle. Police dogs also jumped onto the vehicle and sniffed the vehicle inside and out. Armed soldiers in the bunkers next to the checkpoint watched the dense jungle surrounding them vigilantly. Major Nataji, the chief of the checkpoint, told the Global Times reporter: "It is very close to the border, and across the border is the main producing area of the drug, the" Golden Triangle ". This road leads to Myanmar, and there is a road leading to the" Golden Triangle ". Jungle trails, the checkpoint's job is to block the flow of drugs into Thailand at the border. "
Inside the checkpoint, the reporter saw a computer connected to the vehicle monitoring system of the Narcotics Control Board. Just enter the license plate number and the vehicle's driving trajectory within 3 months was immediately displayed on the screen. A police officer said: "In addition to the inspection of all vehicles, we also screened suspicious vehicles for key inspections based on the vehicle's trajectory. For those who passed, it was also a full-coverage inspection and passed the residence and behavior characteristics. Carry out key inspections. "Thai driver Chaiya, who often runs the border, told the Global Times reporter:" This road is a major channel for drug trafficking from the border to Thailand. Therefore, the police conducts strict checks on passing people and vehicles every day. Further to the border, there are several small checkpoints on the road. "
Before coming to the Thai-Myanmar border, the reporter first visited the Thai Anti-Drug Commission Operation Command Center in the center of Bangkok. According to Silinya, Secretary-General of the Anti-Drug Commission: "After the drugs flow into Thailand, they are then distributed to Thailand, Laos, China, Vietnam Drug traffickers in Cambodia, Cambodia, and other countries flow to all parts of the world. "The road map of drug trafficking described by Silinya is-" Golden Triangle "drugs are divided into land and water to enter Thailand: land transport through the mountains along the Thai-Myanmar border, or by bus, Private cars and other vehicles are transported into Thailand; waterways are trafficked through the Mekong River.
The heavy task of land-based drug interception fell on Nataji and others. He told reporters that the checkpoint at Gbandan was guarded by the army, border police, and local government security personnel. It was on duty 24 hours a day and drug trafficking cases could be detected every month. More than a dozen cases, the largest one intercepted 40,000 ecstasy pills. However, they know that only a small proportion of drugs are trafficked through checkpoints. Most of the drugs in the "Golden Triangle" pass through horsebacks, avoiding checkpoints on main roads and branch lines. After concentration in border villages, they pass a large number of vehicles. Ship to the Mainland and then enter central areas such as Bangkok. There is also trafficking in mountains and forests connected to the border to neighboring countries, and the true number is difficult to estimate.
"Therefore, in addition to the fixed checkpoints, we also send people to the nearby mountain roads for indefinite settlements, and the military will also send soldiers to patrol the border to prevent drugs from passing through the border," Nataji said. Lieutenant Shan Dipa, Royal Thai Third Armored Division, stationed at the checkpoint of Kabandan, also said: "Each patrol in the mountains takes a few days. There is basically no road in the mountains. In addition to the harsh natural environment, sometimes they also work with drug dealers. In the event of an encounter, the firepower of drug dealers is not weak, and there will be casualties on both sides, so you must always be vigilant when patrolling. "According to the statistics of the Thai Drug Control Commission, in 2017, there were 259,664 drug trafficking cases handled by the Thai military police. The number of suspects was 285,671, compared with 218,757 and 244,077 in 2016.
In addition to the numerous checkpoints in the border area, the Thai government has also set up checkpoints on the main roads to the interior. One of the results of Shi Linya's speech was: "We have installed large detection equipment at the main checkpoint to detect the vehicle as a whole. In Lampang, which is more than 200 kilometers away from the border and south to Bangkok's must-go place, there are Thousands of ecstasy were seized in a convoy of 7 large trucks through detection equipment at one time. "Shi Lin Ya said," The border between northern Thailand and Myanmar, which is more than 500 kilometers, is the main reason for the 'Golden Triangle' drug to enter Thailand. Corridor, drugs from Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Mae Hong Son and other provinces entered Thailand, accounting for 90% of the total inflow of drugs into Thailand. Previously, Chiang Rai had the most, but as the crackdown increased, drug traffickers will relocate production locations and trafficking routes. , In Chiang Mai, Mae Hong Son and other places to seek new channels to enter Thailand, so the military and police jointly set up hundreds of fixed and non-fixed checkpoints to stop drugs entering Thailand.
Smooth cooperation between the six countries cooperation center
"The main difficulties facing Thailand's drug control are: the drug production bases have not been destroyed, and the sales channels have not been cut off. Thailand is incapable of controlling drug production bases far away. The relevant countries have poor control and control capabilities. It is easy to transfer, so Thailand hopes to further strengthen cooperation with Myanmar, Laos and other countries to jointly combat drug crimes. At present, a successful mechanism is the 'Safe Mekong' plan jointly implemented with China and other Mekong countries. "In an interview in Bangkok, Shi Linya told reporters of the Global Times.
The giant screen of the Operational Command Center of the Narcotics Control Board displays the anti-drug operations across Thailand on that day, as well as the drug situation in the main areas. On the "Drug Inflow Area Situation Map" drawn by the Thai Drug Control Commission, the reporter saw that the northern and northeastern borders of Thailand were large areas of high-risk red, and the southern and eastern borders were also major inflow areas.
"Global Times" reporters specifically came to the "Fifth District" Office of the Thai Drug Control Commission in Chiang Mai, which is responsible for drug control in eight northern Thai provinces. In the office compound of the fifth district, there is a brand new small building flying the flags of Thailand, China, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. The sign of "Mekong Cooperation Center for Safety" in front of the building is very eye-catching. Entering the cooperation center, the reporter saw the police officers of the six countries busy and nervous. It is understood that after the Mekong tragedy in October 2011, the Chinese government not only proposed the establishment of a joint Mekong patrol law enforcement mechanism, but also proposed the establishment of a Mekong Safety Cooperation Center in 2013 to specifically combat drug production and drug trafficking in the Mekong Basin. Three-year action plan and cooperation under each stage of action plan.
Pompa, director of the fifth district of the Thai Drug Control Commission, said the Mekong Cooperation Centre for Security is currently implementing the 2016-2018 action plan. Countries such as Thailand and China attach great importance to the center, because the drugs in the "Golden Triangle" enter Thailand to the south, China to the north, Laos to the east, and Bangladesh to the west. They must rely on neighboring countries and more countries in the region. Cooperation can block the flow of drugs into the international community from all directions. At present, the six countries are discussing the formulation of the next three to five years or even longer-term action plans to further strengthen the drug crackdown on the region.
According to Silinya, although the Mekong Cooperation Center for Safety has not been established for a long time, the cooperation between the six countries has achieved significant results. For example, through Chinese investigations and Burmese actions, 6.3 million ecstasy pills were seized in Jingdong, Shan State. In addition, the three countries, China and Myanmar, acted together to destroy several drug production plants and destroy production equipment. Through the cooperation of the six countries, the drug control departments have a better understanding of the drug production and trafficking in the "Golden Triangle" region, and the anti-drug actions taken by various countries have achieved greater results. Under the cooperation center mechanism, in 2016, the six countries launched the second phase of the “Peace Channel” joint anti-drug operation. In just three months, 6,476 drug cases were cracked and 12.7 tons of various drugs were seized.
In the six-country joint office of the Security Mekong Cooperation Center, Major Police Officer Zona of Myanmar's Security Mekong Cooperation Center told the Global Times reporter: "At this center, we and the staff of China and other countries cooperate well with each other. Countries in the region They all have a common goal of combating drugs, which is to stop local production, processing, smuggling and consumption of drugs. To achieve this goal, we will certainly do our best. "
According to the statistics of the Narcotics Control Board of the Fifth District of Thailand from October to December 2017, 27% of drug trafficking cases were intercepted at checkpoints, 18% were intercepted during border patrols, 16% were solved by police investigations, and the rest The case was kept secret, and 54% of the suspects arrested were mountain people, 29% were plains residents, 6% were foreigners, and 11% were unclear. The department also broadcasted a presentation to reporters in the Global Times, detailing drug production, trafficking, drug-related organizations in the "Golden Triangle" area, and the Thai government's drug interception at the border. There are scene photos. The staff repeatedly told reporters that they "can only listen and not remember", and emphasized that "this is information that has been obtained through a long time and through various channels, and some are even exchanged with blood. Once leaked, it will give Narcotics personnel cause trouble and danger to life. "
Runaway "Golden Triangle" deep mountain old forest
According to the World Drug Report 2017 issued by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, global opium production in 2016 increased by one-third from the previous year. In 2015, East Asia and Southeast Asia overtaken methamphetamine over North America for the first time. Retrieval of the number of drugs seized in Thailand in recent years can be found. Among the four major types of drugs seized by the Thai police in 2012 and 2013, 176 million tablets of ecstasy, 3149 kilograms of methamphetamine, 965 kilograms of heroin, and 44400 kilograms of opium were seized. 210 million ecstasy pills, 5186 kilograms of methamphetamine, 359 kilograms of heroin, and 13,795 kilograms of opiates were seized in one year. Both ecstasy pills and methamphetamine increased sharply.
The Deputy Secretary-General of the Thai Drug Control Commission, who has worked in Myanmar for many years and is responsible for the cooperation between Thailand and Myanmar in drug control, told the Global Times reporter that the rapid increase in the number of drugs seized, in addition to the police ’s strict drug control policy, Increasing production is also one of the reasons. Except for opium, which can be estimated from the area planted, the amount of drugs produced in the "Golden Triangle" is difficult to estimate because neither the number of synthetic agents imported nor the number of drugs exported can be counted. Weichai believes that the Myanmar government is also actively promoting anti-drug work, but as long as the armed issues of ethnic minorities in Myanmar are not resolved, it will be difficult for drugs to disappear in the "Golden Triangle". On a picture of the Narcotics Control Board of Thailand showing a drug production base, the reporter saw drug production in the northern, eastern, central, and southern parts of Shan State in Myanmar, and these areas were mainly led by the UWSA, the Kula, and the Kachin Independence Army , Shan State Army and other ethnic armed controls.
Jeremy Douglas, a former representative of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, once said that poverty and backwardness are the main reasons for the formation and development of the "golden triangle" poison source, and only a comprehensive economic development can change the status quo. While countries such as Thailand, Laos, and Myanmar are cracking down on drugs, they are working hard to promote alternative cultivation. Fruits, tea, coffee and other cash crops are planted in high mountain areas where mountain people are concentrated to help mountain populations obtain stable cash crops and reduce opium cultivation. .
However, due to war, poverty, etc., reporters from the Global Times saw that most of the areas where alternative cultivation could be implemented were peripheral areas of the "Golden Triangle". The core areas of the true "Golden Triangle", especially the old forests in the mountains, lacked control and basic Armed and controlled by all ethnic groups. Some people familiar with the local situation told reporters that in areas not controlled by the government, there is still a large area of opium cultivation. The cultivation area is not limited to the border, but covers many areas in Shan State. Drug dealers generally use hard currency such as gold and silver coins to purchase opium, and then rely on human or motorcycles to transport them to armed control areas of ethnic minorities for drug processing. After being processed into synthetic drugs in factories, they are then trafficked by humans to neighboring countries such as China or Thailand.
Original title: Visiting the Golden Triangle Anti-Drug Command: Seven trucks seized 10 million ecstasy pills
Original link: http://www.chinanews.com/gj/2018/02-27/8455187.shtml