China Overseas Press, April 3rd. The U.S. Overseas Chinese Daily published an editorial on the 3rd. "How will the China Immigration Bureau" start "? ", The article suggests that the China Immigration Bureau learn from the experience of Europe and the United States and other countries, and consider from the perspective of foreign talents to make China's immigration policy more grounded.
The editorial is as follows:
On April 2nd, China ’s newly established National Immigration Administration was officially listed. The agency is a combination of the immigration management and border inspection duties of the Ministry of Public Security and is under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security. According to Chinese official information, the Immigration Bureau is mainly responsible for foreigners' stay and permanent residence management, refugee management, nationality management and other responsibilities.
Previously, due to special national conditions, China was relatively conservative on immigration issues, and it had not established an institution specifically responsible for immigration issues. However, today, 40 years after the reform and opening up, China's economy has developed steadily and has become the ideal place for work, study, residence and investment for many foreigners. However, this part of China's functions are scattered and managed by the Exit-Entry Administration of the Ministry of Public Security, border inspection and other departments. Such decentralized functions and fragmented management have directly caused the tedious and lengthy procedures for foreign talents to go to China, and have once weakened the willingness of some foreign high-end talents to come to China.
In recent years, with the disappearance of the "demographic dividend", China has begun to seek higher-quality development. But to achieve higher quality development, China must follow the road of "talent bonus". From the world experience, the introduction of talents through immigration can effectively enhance the innovation and creativity of a country. For example, the United States, Australia, Singapore and other countries have specialized immigration agencies to strengthen the introduction of foreign talents. This is also one of the main reasons why the United States has become the world's number one power. Even today, immigrants still play a vital role in American society. According to statistics in recent years, half of US startups valued at more than $ 1 billion were founded by immigrants.
The establishment of a unified immigration bureau will facilitate comprehensive management and better coordinate the work of various departments. For example, it can improve the efficiency of managing foreigners' visas, residence, immigration and other matters, and enhance the soft power of the "global talent battle."
On the other hand, the establishment of China's immigration bureau is also in keeping with the changing times and in line with international practices. Wang Huiyao, director of the China and Globalization Think Tank, pointed out that "The Immigration Administration will promote the integration of China and the international community, and establish working relationships with international migration organizations, the United Nations Refugee Agency and other agencies, making refugee management easier and more effective."
In addition, in the past 40 years of reform and opening up, while attracting worldwide attention, China has also created the "three non-issues" (illegal entry, illegal residence, and illegal employment) for China. These people's stay in China not only lays a hidden danger to Chinese social security management, but also weakens the rights and interests of legal immigrants to some extent. The establishment of the National Immigration Bureau can better solve the "three non-issues", repatriate illegal immigrants, and ensure the legal rights of international immigrants in China in terms of their lives, residence and property.
How will China's future immigration policy “start”? The experience of the United States and other countries is worth learning from. As for the US Immigration Service, it has 3 branches (Eastern, Central, and Western), 36 branches, offices and service centers in the United States. These institutional arrangements ensure the relatively high efficiency of immigration work and also take care of the specialization of immigration cases.
In addition, the China Immigration Bureau should make itself "deserved" as soon as possible, that is, change from "management" to "service". On the one hand, the China Immigration Bureau can try innovative talent introduction models. The reason why the United States can attract so many high-end talents comes from the United States' national headhunting system. In fact, the China Immigration Bureau can also assume the functions of establishing an international talent information database, setting up and managing overseas headhunters and international talent research, etc., so as to more accurately and efficiently recruit high-end talents to immigrate to China. On the other hand, after the introduction of international immigration, the China Immigration Bureau can also build a special department to do a good job in language training, cultural integration, employment system and other aspects for foreigners, so that immigrants can not only enter, but also retain, Well developed.
In summary, as long as the China Immigration Bureau can learn more from the experience of Europe and the United States, and consider from the perspective of foreign talents, it can make China's immigration policy more grounded and make China's strategies such as "intelligent import" more effective. .