Original Title: Guizhou: Deepening "School-Agricultural Cooperation" to Promote Industrial Upgrade
"Guizhou peppers are widely planted. The northern Guizhou area is Chaotian pepper mainly in Zunyi, the northwestern Guizhou area is wrinkle pepper mainly in Dafang County, and the southern Guizhou area is Dushan mountain-based pepper ... Geng Guangdong, a professor of horticulture at the college, introduced it to reporters.
Pepper is an important ingredient for three meals a day, especially in Guizhou. In recent years, the pepper industry in Guizhou has developed rapidly, and it has gradually become a pillar industry for poverty alleviation in poor mountainous areas. Professor Geng Guangdong and his team contributed.
From 2005 to the present, for 13 years, Geng Guangdong has been committed to the transformation of excellent pepper varieties and industrial development, covering the whole province of Guizhou, witnessing and participating in the entire process of upgrading the pepper industry in Guizhou.
In Geng Guangdong's view, to change the traditional pepper cultivation, we must overcome the technical difficulties and change the traditional planting concept of the masses. He often goes to the field to promote new technologies and teaches the masses to plant.
Geng Guangdong and his team spent more than two years successfully improving a new line pepper variety-"Miaoyuan No. 9" while serving as a science and technology commissioner in Zhenyuan County in 2016. Compared with traditional pepper, "Miaoyuan No. 9" has the advantages of uniform length, thin skin and more meat, large output and high output value.
"It is necessary to select more than 100 excellent single plants from dozens of acres, and then select the best. Repeat several times a year, and then transplant and compare, and finally breed good varieties." Geng Guangdong said that the process was monotonous It is tedious, needs to endure loneliness, and sometimes it takes time and energy to succeed.
Earlier this year, in order to promote the hybrid pepper planting technology, Geng Guangdong visited Shatu Town, Jinsha County, Bijie City many times. "For scientific planting, one acre of land should be planted at about 2,500 to 2,800 plants, but the masses have poor technical mastery. Some acres have only planted about 1,800 plants, which obviously affects yield." Geng Guangdong said.
"After repeated training, the masses now pay more and more attention to intensive seedling raising, and are willing to invest in the seedling raising link. At the same time, the rotation of land has improved the pest and disease defense ability of pepper planting." Geng Guangdong said that today's hybrid pepper adaptability and The ability to resist diseases and insect pests is strong, and it can collect 5,000 to 7,000 kg per mu, which is more than 3,000 kg per mu in the past. Peppers can't be sold for a while, and they can also be dried or made into pepper oil, pepper sauce, etc. It is a good industry that swells money bags in poor mountainous areas.
For university science experts like Geng Guangdong, Guizhou University has selected a lot over the years, including the well-known "walnut expert" Pan Xuejun who has been taking root in the Umeng Mountains for more than 10 years. At the same time, Guizhou University this year also launched a campaign to “remove poverty and help science and education” and set up a “Village Revitalization College”. While strengthening the selection of scientific research personnel at the grassroots level, it also actively carried out training of rural science and technology talents, and used the Internet and big data to improve the countryside. Talent management and service system.
The reporter learned that experts from Guizhou Normal University, Guizhou Institute of Technology, Guizhou Medical University and other provinces have nearly a hundred expert teams to conduct survey services in the mountainous regions of Guizhou. By dispatching poverty alleviation teams and dispatching scientific and technical experts, etc., The "combination of school and farmer" will deepen the expansion of cooperation between universities and rural areas, and promote the development and upgrading of industries in poor areas.
In the flood town of Qianxi County, Bijie City, thanks to the help of scientific and technical personnel, the town's agricultural development has reached a new level. Zhang Lang, chairman of the town ’s National People ’s Congress, told reporters that the key to rural rejuvenation lies in the fact that these scientific and technological experts have transformed professional technology into rural productive forces and trained ordinary people into “scientists of science and technology” or “native experts”, which has greatly improved agricultural development in mountainous areas. The level of science and technology and human resources have injected "smart energy" into the rural rejuvenation.
"Researchers at the grassroots level not only pay, but also learn. The stage here is broad and the dream can be realized." Geng Guangdong said. (Luo Fei)